|Piroctone olamine Usage And Synthesis
Piroctone olamine (INN; also known as piroctone ethanolamine; brand name Octopirox) is a compound sometimes used in the treatment of fungal infections.Piroctone olamine is the ethanolamine salt of the hydroxamic acid derivative piroctone.
White or slightly yellow crystalline powder.
Freely soluble in 10% ethanol in water; soluble in solution containing surfactants in water or in 1%-10% ethanol; slightly soluble in water and in oil. The solubility in water varies by pH value, and is a litter larger in neutral or weak basic solution than in acid solution.
Acute toxicity : Acute oral LD50 –rat 8100mg/kg, practically nontoxic.
Subchronic toxicity : NOEL: 100mg//kg/d (rat, orally, 3 months).
Chronic toxicity and carcinogencity : Negative.
Mutagenicity : Negative.
Irritation to skin and eye : Very low.
Piroctone olamine is used in combination with other substances as a part of shampoo effectively reduced the amount of dandruff and, at the same time, provided hair conditioning advantages. Recently was shown, that piroctone olamine could induce apoptosis and possessed a significant in vivo effect against myeloma.
|ChEBI: An organoammonium salt that is the ethanolamine salt of piroctone.